offset official unrequited what is
Offset, Official Unrequited Transfers, Official Statement, Office Of Thrift Supervision (Ots.

Financial definitions for business owners O

  • Definition Overdraft Explain Provision of instant credit by a lending institution
  • Definition Open-end credit Explain Revolving line of credit that is extended with every purchase or cash advance
  • Definition Overbought-oversold indicator Explain An indicator that attempts to define when prices have moved too far and too fast in either direction and thus are vulnerable to reaction
  • Definition Overlapping debt Explain The portion of debt of political subdivisions or neighboring special districts that a municipality is responsible for
  • Definition Overlay strategy Explain A strategy of using futures for asset allocation by pension sponsors to avoid disrupting the activities of money managers
  • Definition Overnight delivery risk Explain differences in time zones between settlement centers require that payment or delivery on one side of a transaction be made without knowing
  • Definition Overnight position Explain A broker-dealer's position in a security at the end of a trading day
  • Definition Overnight repo Explain A repurchase agreement with a term of one day
  • Definition Overperform Explain To appreciate at a rate faster than appreciation of the overall market
  • Definition Overreaching Explain Creating artificial volume in a stock through activity not generated by normal/natural buyers and sellers in the market
  • Definition Overreaction hypothesis Explain The supposition that investors overreact to unanticipated news, resulting in exaggerated movements in stock prices followed by corrections
  • Definition Overshooting Explain reflect an especially high rate of prepayments the first time it crosses the threshold for refinancing, especially if two or more years
  • Definition Oversold Explain Technically too low in price, and hence a technical correction is expected. Antithesis of overbought
  • Definition Oversubscribed issue Explain shares or bonds they want, so underwriters must allocate the shares or bonds among investors. This occurs when a new issue is underpriced
  • Definition Oversubscription privilege Explain In a rights issue, arrangement by which shareholders are given the right to apply for any shares that are not taken up
  • Definition Overtrading Explain discretionary account. Underwriters persuade brokerage clients to purchase some part of a new issue in return for the purchase by the
  • Definition Overvalued Explain A stock price that is seen as too high according to the company's price-earnings ratio, expected earnings, or financial condition
  • Definition Overwithholding Explain Deducting and paying too much tax that may be refunded to the taxpayer or applied against the next period's obligation
  • Definition Overwriting Explain involves selling call or put options on stocks that are believed to be overpriced or underpriced; the options are expected not to be
  • Definition Overfunded pension plan Explain A pension plan that has a positive surplus (i.e., assets exceed liabilities
  • Definition Oslo Stock Exchange Explain An exchange founded in 1819 and trading stocks, bonds, and stock options that is considered the options market of Norway
  • Definition OTC Bulletin Board Explain bid and asked prices of OTC stocks that do not meet the requirements to be listed on the NASDAQ stock-listing system
  • Definition OTC margin stock Explain Shares traded over-the-counter that can be used as margin securities under Regulation T
  • Definition Other capital Explain capital is a residual category that groups all the capital transactions that have not been included in direct investment, portfolio
  • Definition Other current assets Explain Value of noncash assets, including prepaid expenses and accounts receivable, due within one year
  • Definition Other income Explain Income from activities that are not undertaken in the ordinary course of a firm's business
  • Definition Other long-term liabilities Explain benefits, deferred taxes, and other obligations not requiring interest payments that must be paid over a period of more than one year
  • Definition Other sources Explain period from operations by sources other than depreciation or deferred taxes. Part of free cash flow calculation
  • Definition Out Explain Used in the context of general equities. (1) No longer obligated to an order, as it has already been cancelled: (2) advertised on Autex
  • Definition Out-of-favor industry or stock Explain An unpopular industry or stock that usually has a low price-earnings ratio
  • Definition Out of line Explain low in comparison with similar-quality stocks in the same industry, according to its price/earnings ratio
  • Definition Out-of-the-money option Explain the strike price is greater than the market price of the underlying security. That is, you have the right to purchase a security at a price
  • Definition Out of the name Explain Used in the context of general equities. To no longer have an active trading profile/position in the stock
  • Definition Out there Explain Indication gained from their trading and inquiry activity that buyers and/or (more often) sellers are in the market and should be found
  • Definition Out with Explain Used in the context of general equities. Showing of an inquiry to another broker by a customer ( he's out with
  • Definition Outright rate Explain Actual forward rate expressed in dollars per currency unit, or vice versa
  • Definition Outside director Explain A director of a company who is not an employee of that company and brings in outside experience to help make board decisions
  • Definition Outside market Explain Used in the context of general equities. Outside the inside market (above the lowest offering and below the highest bid
  • Definition Outsourcing Explain Purchasing a significant percentage of intermediate components from outside suppliers
  • Definition Outstanding Explain Used in the context of general equities. Stock held by shareholders (verses the company's treasury stock
  • Definition Outstanding share capital Explain Issued share capital less the par value of shares that are held as the company's treasury stock
  • Definition Outstanding shares Explain Shares that are currently owned by investors
  • Definition Over-the-counter (OTC) Explain an exchange market) where geographically dispersed dealers are linked by telephones and computer screens. The market is for securities not
  • Definition Overage Explain Difference between how much common stock one party must sell and the other wishes to buy for the same amount of convertible in a swap
  • Definition Overall market price coverage Explain by the total of the market value of the security issue and the book value of liabilities and issues having a prior claim. This is used to
  • Definition Overhang Explain Sizable block of securities or commodities contracts that, if released on the market, would put downward pressure on prices; prohibits
  • Definition Overhead Explain The expenses of a business that are not attributable directly) the production or sale of goods
  • Definition Overheating Explain An economy that is growing very quickly, with the risk of high inflation
  • Definition Overissue Explain An excess of issued shares over authorized shares
  • Definition Overlap the market Explain Create a crossed market by expressing a willingness to sell on the bid side of the market and buy on the offer side
  • Definition Option Explain obligation, to buy or sell an asset at a set price on or before a given date. Investors, not companies, issue options. Buyers of call
  • Definition Option account Explain A brokerage account that is approved to hold option positions or trades
  • Definition Option agreement Explain an option account fills out guarantees the investor will follow trading regulations and has the financial resources to settle possible
  • Definition Option cycle Explain The most common cycles are: January, April, July, and October (JAJO); February, May, August, and November (FMAN); and March, June
  • Definition Option elasticity Explain The percentage increase in an option's value, given a 1 percentage point change in the value of the underlying security
  • Definition Option holder Explain A person who has an option that has not been exercised
  • Definition Option margin Explain The margin requirement for options described in Regulation T and in brokers' individual policies
  • Definition Option mutual fund Explain A mutual fund that buys and sells options for aggressive or conservative investment
  • Definition Option not to deliver Explain In the mortgage pipeline, an additional hedge placed in tandem with the forward or substitute sale
  • Definition Option premium Explain The option price
  • Definition Option price Explain price the buyer of the options contract pays for the right to buy or sell a security at a specified price in the future
  • Definition Option seller Explain Also called the option writer; the party who grants a right to trade a security at a given price in the future
  • Definition Option series Explain A group of options on the same underlying security with the same exercise price and maturity month
  • Definition Option spread Explain class at the same time in order to profit from changes in the size of the spread between different options
  • Definition Optional dividend Explain A dividends that the shareholder can elect to receive either in cash or in stock
  • Definition Optional payment bond Explain A bond whose principal and/or interest may be paid in foreign or domestic currency at the discretion of the bondholder
  • Definition Options contract Explain option price, gives the option buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy (or sell) a financial asset at the exercise price from (or
  • Definition Options contract multiple Explain multiplied by the cash index value gives the dollar value of the stock index underlying an option. That is the dollar value of the
  • Definition Options on physicals Explain Interest rate options written on fixed income securities, as opposed to those written on interest rate futures contracts
  • Definition Or better Explain Indication on the order ticket of a limit order to buy or sell securities at a price better than the specified limit price if a better
  • Definition Oral contract Explain A contract not recorded on paper or on computer, buy made vocally which is usually enforceable
  • Definition Ordinary shares Explain Shares of non-U.S. companies traded in their individual home markets. Usually cannot be delivered in the U.S. See: ADR
  • Definition Order imbalance Explain Orders of one kind for a stock not offset by the opposite orders, which causes a wide spread between bid and offer prices
  • Definition Order room Explain The brokerage firm department receives and processes all orders to buy and sell securities
  • Definition Order splitting Explain Breaking up orders so that they can be processed as small orders for execution by SOES. Prohibited by NASD
  • Definition Order ticket Explain A form detailing an order instruction that a customer gives an account executive
  • Definition Ordinary income Explain The income derived from the regular operating activities of a firm or individual
  • Definition Ordinary interest Explain Interest based on a 360-day year instead of a 365-day year, resulting in what can be a significant difference
  • Definition Organization chart Explain A chart showing the hierarchical interrelationships of positions within an organization
  • Definition Organized exchange Explain purchasers and sellers regularly gather to trade securities according to the formal rules adopted by the exchange
  • Definition Original face value Explain The principal amount of a mortgage as of its issue date
  • Definition Original margin Explain The margin needed to cover a specific new position. Related: Margin, security deposit (initial
  • Definition Original maturity Explain Maturity at issue. For example, a five-year note has an original maturity of five years; one year later it has a maturity of four years
  • Definition Origination Explain The making of mortgage loans
  • Definition Originator Explain banker that initially made a mortgage loan that is part of a pool. Also, an investment bank that has worked with the issuer of a new
  • Definition Orphan stock Explain A stock that is ignored by research analysts and as a result may be trading at low price earnings ratios
  • Definition Open-market operation Explain Purchase or sale of government securities by the monetary authorities to increase or decrease the domestic money supply
  • Definition Open-market purchase operation Explain shares of stock in market transactions at current market prices, in competition with other prospective investors
  • Definition Open-market rates Explain Interest rates that are determined in the open market by supply and demand, as opposed to being set by the Federal Reserve Board
  • Definition Open (good-till-cancelled) order (GTC order) Explain Order to buy or sell a security that stays active until it is completed or the investor cancels it
  • Definition Open-outcry Explain exchanges, typically involving calling out the specific details of a buy or sell order, so that the information is available to all traders
  • Definition Open position Explain A net long or short position whose value will change with a change in prices
  • Definition Open repo Explain term. The agreement is made on a day-to-day basis, and either the borrower or the lender may choose to terminate. The rate paid is higher
  • Definition Opening Explain trading session officially designated by an exchange, during which all transactions are considered made at the opening. Related: Close
  • Definition Opening price Explain The range of prices at which the first bids and offers are made or the first transactions are completed on an exchange
  • Definition Opening purchase Explain Creation of or increase in a long position in a given series of options
  • Definition Opening sale Explain Creation of or increase in a short position in a given series of options
  • Definition Opening transaction Explain or sell transaction that creates a position out of a flat one (writing an option short or buying an option long). Antithesis of closing
  • Definition Operating cash flow Explain taxes. Measures the cash generated from operations, not counting capital spending or working capital requirements
  • Definition Operating cycle Explain The average time between the acquisition of materials or services and the final cash realization from that acquisition
  • Definition Operating exposure Explain Degree to which exchange rate changes, in combination with price changes, will alter a company's future operating cash flows
  • Definition Operating lease Explain lease in which the contact period is shorter than the life of the equipment, and the lessor pays all maintenance and servicing costs
  • Definition Operating leverage Explain Fixed operating costs, which are characterized as leverage because they accentuate variations in profits
  • Definition Operating profit (or loss) Explain Revenue from a firm's regular activities less costs and expenses and before income deductions
  • Definition Operating profit margin Explain The ratio of operating profit to net sales
  • Definition Operating rate Explain The percentage of total production capacity of a company, industry, or country that is being used
  • Definition Operating ratio Explain A ratio that measures a firm's operating efficiency
  • Definition Operating in the red Explain Doing business while losing money
  • Definition Operating risk Explain firm, without regard to financial risk. The risk that is created by operating leverage. Also called business risk
  • Definition Operationally efficient market Explain transactions services that reflect the true costs associated with furnishing those services. Also called an internally efficient market
  • Definition Opinion shopping Explain reporting objectives by following questionable accounting principles, with the help of an auditor willing to sanction the practices
  • Definition OPM Explain Stands for other people's money, which refers to borrowed funds used to increase the return on invested capital
  • Definition Oporto Explain Bolsa de Derivados do Oporto) trading futures on the ten-year government bond, Portuguese stock index, and three-month interbank deposit
  • Definition Opportunity cost of capital Explain Expected return that is forgone by investing in a project rather than in comparable financial securities
  • Definition Opportunity costs Explain actual investment and a desired investment adjusted for fixed costs and execution costs. When not all desired trades can be implemented
  • Definition Opportunity set Explain The possible expected return and standard deviation pairs of all portfolios that can be constructed from a given set of assets
  • Definition Optimal contract Explain types of agency costs (contracting, monitoring, and misbehavior) against one another to minimize the total cost
  • Definition Official reserves Explain Holdings of gold and foreign currencies by official monetary institutions
  • Definition Optimal portfolio Explain by an investor because its risk/reward characteristics approximate the investor's utility function. A portfolio that maximizes an
  • Definition Optimal redemption provision Explain Provision of a bond indenture that governs the issuer's ability to call the bonds for redemption prior to their scheduled maturity date
  • Definition Optimization approach to indexing Explain optimize some objective, such as to maximize the portfolio yield, to maximize convexity, or to maximize expected total returns
  • Definition Optimum capacity Explain The amount of manufacturing output that creates the lowest cost per unit
  • Definition Offshore finance subsidiary Explain overseas, usually in a tax haven country, whose function is to issue securities abroad for use in either the parent's domestic or
  • Definition to cross"\. K\. "O Explain Legal to cross the buy and sell orders on the exchange floor because transactor is not a principal in the transaction
  • Definition Old-line factoring Explain Factoring arrangement that provides collection, insurance, and finance for accounts receivable
  • Definition Oligopoly Explain A Market characterized by a small number of producers who often act together to control the supply of a particular good and its market price
  • Definition Oligopsony Explain A Market characterized by a small number of large buyers who control all purchases and therefore the market price of a good or service
  • Definition OM Stockholm AB Explain trading a wide variety of interest rate and bond futures. The exchange trades futures and options on the OMX equity index
  • Definition Omitted dividend Explain declared, but that is not voted by the board of directors probably because the company is experiencing financial difficulties
  • Definition Omnibus account Explain commission merchant with another futures commission merchant in which the transactions of two or more persons are combined and carried in
  • Definition On board Explain Used in the context of general equities. Long
  • Definition On a clean up Explain Willingness to participate in part of a trade if all of the stock available is spoken for except for the clean up amount
  • Definition On the close order Explain A market order that is to be executed as close as possible to the closing price of the day
  • Definition On-floor order Explain Security order originating with a member on the floor of an exchange when dealing with his or her own account, versus an upstairs order
  • Definition On the money Explain Used in the context of general equities. In-line, or at the same price, as the last sale
  • Definition On the opening order Explain A market order that is to be executed at the price of the first trade of the day
  • Definition Open on the print Explain Block trader's term for a block trade that has been completed with an institutional client and printed on the consolidated tape, but
  • Definition On the run Explain The most recently issued (and typically the most liquid) government bond in a particular maturity range
  • Definition On the sidelines Explain An investor who decides not to invest due to market uncertainty
  • Definition On the take Explain Price moving upward, because more buyers are taking offerings, causing offerings to vanish and be replaced by higher ones. Antithesis of
  • Definition On the tape Explain Used in the context of general equities. (1) Trade printed on the ticker tape; (2) news displayed on Reuters or the Dow Jones News Service
  • Definition One-decision stock Explain A quality stock that is not actively traded, but rather held for its growth potential
  • Definition One-factor APT Explain theory that is derived from the one-factor model by using diversification and arbitrage. It shows that the expected return on any risky
  • Definition One-man picture Explain When both bid and the offered prices of a broker come from the same source
  • Definition One-share-one-vote rule Explain The principle that all shareholders should have equal voting rights in public companies and each shareholder should have one vote
  • Definition One-way market Explain 1) A market in which only one side, the bid or asked, is quoted or firm. (2) A market that is moving strongly in one direction
  • Definition OPD Explain transaction of the day in a security after a delayed opening or the opening transaction in a security whose price has experienced a large
  • Definition Open Explain Having either buy or sell interest at the indicated price level and side of a preceding trade. Open on the buy/sell sid means looking for
  • Definition Open account Explain no formal debt contract. The buyer signs a receipt, and the seller records the sale in the sales ledger
  • Definition Open interest Explain contracts traded that have not yet been liquidated either by an offsetting derivative transaction or by delivery. Related: Liquidation
  • Definition Open contracts Explain without completion of the transaction by subsequent sale or purchase, or by making or taking actual delivery of the financial instrument
  • Definition Open-end fund Explain Mutual fund that continually creates new shares on demand. Mutual fund shareholders buy the funds at net asset value and may redeem them
  • Definition Open-end lease Explain additional payment at the expiration of the lease to adjust for any change in the value of the property
  • Definition Open-end mortgage Explain Mortgage against which additional debts may be issued. Related: Closed-end mortgage
  • Definition O Explain Fifth letter of a Nasdaq stock symbol specifying that it is the company's second class of preferred shares
  • Definition Option-adjusted spread (OAS) Explain spot rate curve, developed as a measure of the yield spread that can be used to convert dollar differences between theoretical value and
  • Definition Options Clearing Corporation (OCC) Explain Applies to derivative products. Financial institution that is the actual issuer and guarantor of all listed option contracts
  • Definition Original issue discount debt (OID debt) Explain Debt that is initially offered at a price below par
  • Definition Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Explain A cartel of oil-producing countries
  • Definition Objective (mutual funds) Explain category as stated in the prospectus. There are more than 20 standardized categories. E.g. Aggressive growth, balanced
  • Definition Obligation Explain A legal responsibility, such as to repay a debt
  • Definition Obligation bond Explain greater than the value of the underlying property. The difference is designed to compensate the lender for costs exceeding the mortgage
  • Definition Obligor Explain A person who has an obligation to pay off a debt
  • Definition Odd lot Explain A trading order for less than 100 shares of stock. Compare round lot
  • Definition Odd-lot dealer Explain A broker who combines odd lots of securities from multiple buy or sell orders into round lots and executes transactions in those round lots
  • Definition Odd-lot short-sale ratio Explain The percentage of total odd-lot sales that is composed of short sales
  • Definition Odd-lot theory Explain making trades contrary to odd-lot trading patterns, since odd-lot investors have poor timing. This theory is no longer popular
  • Definition OEX index Explain Applies to derivative products. Quotron symbol for the S;P 100 index option
  • Definition Off-balance-sheet financing Explain Financing that is not shown as a liability on a company's balance sheet
  • Definition Off-board Explain Transacted away from a national securities exchange even though the stock itself is listed, such as on the NYSE, and instead of on the OTC
  • Definition Off-floor order Explain Order to buy or sell a security that originates off the floor of an exchange; customer orders originating with brokers, as distinguished
  • Definition Offer Explain Indicates a willingness to sell at a given price. Related: Bid
  • Definition Offer wanted Explain Notice by a potential buyer of a security that he or she is looking for supply from a potential seller of the security, often requiring a
  • Definition Offering date Explain Date on which a new set of stocks or bonds will first be sold to the public
  • Definition Offering memorandum Explain A document that outlines the terms of securities to be offered in a private placement
  • Definition Offering scale Explain The range of prices offered by the underwriter of a serial bond issue with different maturities
  • Definition Offerings Explain Often refers to initial public offerings. When a firm goes public and makes an offering of stock to the market
  • Definition Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS) Explain An agency of the U.S. Treasury department responsible for the U.S. savings and loan industry
  • Definition Official statement Explain A statement published by an issuer of a new municipal security describing itself and the issue
  • Definition Official unrequited transfers Explain military aid, voluntary cancellation of debt, contributions to international organizations, indemnities imposed under peace treaties
  • Definition Offset Explain Elimination of a long or short position by making an opposite transaction. Related: Liquidation

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Offset, Official Unrequited Transfers, Official Statement, Office Of Thrift Supervision (Ots), Offerings, Offering Scale, Offering Memorandum, Offering Date

Offset, Official Unrequited Transfers, Official Statement