pension benefit guaranty what is
Parameter definition Price range explain Preferred stock agreement what is Precedence meaning.

Financial definitions for business owners P

  • Definition Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) Compare A federal agency that insures the vested benefits of pension plan participants (established in 1974 by the ERISA legislation definition
  • Definition Agreement Partnership Why A written agreement among partners detailing the terms and conditions of participation in a business ownership arrangement explain
  • Definition Bond Premium How better A bond that is selling for more than its par value what is
  • Definition Income Personal When Total income received from all sources, including wages, salaries, or rents, and the like meaning
  • Definition Convexity Positive Determines the price appreciation for a large downward change in interest rates will be greater (in absolute terms) than the price depreciation for abbreviation
  • Definition Price Offering Public Comparing to The price of a new issue of securities at the time that the issue is offered to the public how to
  • Definition Function Density Probability Depends on The function that describes the change of certain realizations for a continuous random variable help
  • Definition Verification Physical Which A procedure auditors use to ensure that inventory recorded in the book is correct by actually checking out the physical inventory crossword
  • Definition Clause Penalty Difference A clause found in contract agreements that provides for a penalty in the event of default examples
  • Definition Evaluation Performance When results, which involves, first, determining whether the money manager added value by outperforming the established benchmark (performance encyclopedia
  • Definition Plant Pros and cons The assets of a business including land, buildings, machinery, and all equipment permanently employed information about
  • Definition Rate Inflation Personal Similarities The inflation rate as it affects a specific individual tutorial
  • Definition Pn Notes Project How much finance federally sponsored programs in urban renewal and housing and guaranteed by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development error
  • Definition Picture How many quotes for a given security. Used for listed equity securities. Bid and ask prices and quantity information from a specialist or from a answer
  • Definition Payment-in-kind (PIK) bond Compare A bond that gives the issuer an option (during an initial period) either to make coupon payments in cash or in the form of additional bonds means what
  • Definition Support Price Why Government intervention to set an artificially high price through the use of a price floor designed to aid producers description
  • Definition Stock Preferred Participating How better Preferred stock that provides the holder with a specified dividend plus the right to additional earnings under specified conditions definition
  • Definition Risk Power Purchasing When Related: Inflation risk explain
  • Definition Fund Pension Determines A fund set up to pay the pension benefits of a company's workers after retirement what is
  • Definition Fund Performance Comparing to A growth-oriented mutual fund investing in growth stock and performance stock with low dividends and high risk meaning
  • Definition Principal Depends on 1) The total amount of money being borrowed or lent. (2) The party affected by agent decisions in a principal-agent relationship abbreviation
  • Definition Theorem Separation Portfolio Which of a risky investment portfolio is separate from his attitude towards risk. Related: Fisher's separation theorem how to
  • Definition Pegging Difference Making transactions in a security, currency, or commodity in order to stabilize or target its value through market intervention help
  • Definition Manager Portfolio When Professional responsible for the securities portfolio of an individual or institutional investor, such as a mutual fund, pension fund crossword
  • Definition Prospectus Pros and cons securities that describes the plan for a proposed business enterprise, or the facts concerning an existing one, that an investor needs to examples
  • Definition Gic Participating Similarities policyholder is not guaranteed a crediting rate, but instead receives a return based on the actual experience of the portfolio managed by encyclopedia
  • Definition Patent How much intellectual property in producing or selling a particular product or using a process for a designated period of time information about
  • Definition Digestion Of Period How many The time period of often high volatility after a new issue is released when the trading price of the security is established by the market tutorial
  • Definition Fight Proxy Compare used by an acquiring company to attempt to gain control of a takeover target. The acquirer tries to persuade the shareholders of the error
  • Definition Rate Prepayment Psa Why s Mortgaged Asset-Backed Securities Division's prepayment model based on an assumed rate of prepayment each month of the then unpaid answer
  • Definition Partnership Limited Private How better A limited partnership with no more than 35 participants that is not registered with the SEC means what
  • Definition Income Premium When The income received by an investor who sells an option description
  • Definition Play To Pay Determines businesses to gain influence with political officials who decide which underwriters are awarded the municipality's business definition
  • Definition Factor Pool Comparing to divided by the original principal balance with the result expressed as a decimal. Pool factors are published monthly by the Bond Buyer explain
  • Definition Equity Of Prices Depends on Price of a share of common stock on the date shown. Highs and lows are based on the highest and lowest intraday trading price what is
  • Definition Piti Which Stands for principal, interest, taxes, and insurance, the four main parts of monthly mortgage obligations meaning
  • Definition Option An Put Difference To exercise a put option abbreviation
  • Definition Pennant When A chart pattern resembling a pointed flag, with the point facing to the right, which shows a diminishing variance of price how to
  • Definition Tape The Painting Pros and cons manipulate the market by buying and selling a security to create the illusion of high trading activity and to attract other traders who may help
  • Definition Parity Power Purchasing Similarities domestic and foreign price levels should equal the equilibrium exchange rate between domestic and foreign currencies crossword
  • Definition Mortgage Money Purchase How much A mortgage given by a buyer in lieu of cash when the buyer is unable to borrow commercially for the purchase of property examples
  • Definition Private market value (PMV) How many The break-up market value of all divisions of a company if divisions were each independent and established their own market stock prices encyclopedia
  • Definition Held Publicly Compare Describes a company whose stock is held by the public, whether individuals or business entities information about
  • Definition Double To Percent Why Percentage that the stock price has to rise (fall) to double the price of the call (put tutorial
  • Definition Stock Preferred Prior How better Preferred stock that has a higher claim on all dividends and assets in liquidation than claims of other preferred stock error
  • Definition Public housing authority bond When Bonds of local public housing agencies that are secured by the federal government and whose proceeds are used to provide low-rent housing answer
  • Definition Statement Forma Pro Determines forecast or projected operating results and balance sheet, as in pro forma income statements, balance sheets, and statements of cash flows means what
  • Definition Bond Purpose Public Comparing to to finance public projects such as roads or government buildings. Interest on municipal bonds is federal income tax-free description
  • Definition Ratio E P Depends on annual earnings per share or expected annual earnings per share. Assume XYZ Co. sells for $25.50 per share and has earned $2.55 per share definition
  • Definition Monopoly Pure Which total control over the entire market for a product due to some sort of barrier to entry for other firms, often a patent held by the explain
  • Definition Rate Plowback Difference Related: Retention rate what is
  • Definition Philadelphia Board of Trade (PBOT) When A subsidiary of the Philadelphia Stock Exchange that trades currency futures meaning
  • Definition Pivot Pros and cons significant by market's failure to penetrate or as being significant when a sudden increase in volume accompanies the move through the abbreviation
  • Definition Clean Is Pot Similarities Phrase used when managing underwriter has sold the entire pot how to
  • Definition Property Personal How much Any assets other than real estate help
  • Definition Securities Through Pass How many backed by a package of assets (i.e., mortgages) where the holder receives the principal and interest payments. Related: Mortgage pass crossword
  • Definition Pit Compare A specific area of the trading floor that is designed for the trading of commodities, individual futures, or option contracts examples
  • Definition Market The Playing Why Trading in high, uncalculated risk usually refers to actions of amateur investors encyclopedia
  • Definition Bond Discount Pure How better A bond that will make only one payment of principal and interest. Also called a zero-coupon bond or a single-payment bond information about
  • Definition Plan Payment Periodic When Accumulation of capital in a mutual fund by making regular payments on a monthly or quarterly basis tutorial
  • Definition Vote Proxy Determines Vote cast by one person or entity on behalf of another error
  • Definition Limit Policy Comparing to The maximum dollar amount of coverage provided by an insurance company for a certain policy answer
  • Definition Rate Turnover Portfolio Depends on For an investment company, an annualized rate found by dividing the lesser of purchases and sales by the average of portfolio assets means what
  • Definition Stock Preference Which preferred stock but senior to common stock in the right to receive payments from the firm; essentially junior preferred stock description
  • Definition Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI) Difference Policy protecting the holder against loss resulting from default on a mortgage loan definition
  • Definition Strategy Portfolio Passive When expectational input, and instead relies on diversification to match the performance of some market index. A passive strategy assumes that explain
  • Definition Fees Participating Pros and cons The portion of total fees in a syndicated credit that go to the participating banks what is
  • Definition Up Pay Similarities into higher-priced bonds or the need/willingness of a bank or other borrower to pay a higher rate of interest to get funds. Used in the meaning
  • Definition Bond Pac How much bond. A tranche class offered by some CMOs that has a sinking fund schedule and an ability to make principal payments that are not abbreviation
  • Definition Diagram Position How many Diagram showing the possible payoffs from a derivative investment how to
  • Definition Ratio Placement Compare municipal bond offerings that have been bought from the underwriters, according to the Bond Buyer newspaper help
  • Definition Preg Why Financial ratio defined as stock price divided by sales over earnings growth. Often used in the valuation of Internet stocks. Related: PSSG crossword
  • Definition Metals Precious How better which are used for their intrinsic value or for their value in production. These may be traded either in their physical state or by way of examples
  • Definition Proxy When electronic, that shareholders' votes may be cast by others. Shareholders can and often do give management their proxies, delegating encyclopedia
  • Definition Warehouse Public Determines Storage facility operated by an independent warehouse company on its own premises information about
  • Definition Swaption Put Comparing to the right, or option, to enter into a swap as a floating-rate payer. The writer of the swaption therefore becomes the floating-rate tutorial
  • Definition Panic buying or selling Depends on high volume in anticipation of sharply rising or falling prices, usually after unexpected news is released error
  • Definition Presidential election cycle theory Which A theory that stock market trends can be predicted and explained by the four-year presidential election cycle answer
  • Definition Placement Private Difference directly to a limited number of investors. For example, sale of stocks, bonds, or other investments directly to an institutional investor means what
  • Definition Ownership Public When The portion of a company's stock that is held by the public description
  • Definition Shares Performance Pros and cons the basis of performance as measured by earnings per share and similar criteria. A control device shareholders sometimes use to tie definition
  • Definition S P Similarities statement provided by the broker showing change in the customer's net ledger balance after the offset of any previously established explain
  • Definition Rights Property How much own and use property as they see fit and to receive the stream of income that their property generates what is
  • Definition Project loan certificate (PLC) How many A primary program of Ginnie Mae for securitizing FHA-insured and coinsured multifamily, hospital, and nursing home loans meaning
  • Definition Pc Certificates Participation Compare Investments representing an interest in a pool of funds or in other instruments, such as foreign securities, that allow participation in abbreviation
  • Definition Theory Expectations Pure Why rates exclusively represent the expected future rates. In other words, the entire term structure reflects the market's expectations of how to
  • Definition Pure yield pickup swap How better Moving to higher yield-bonds help
  • Definition Provision for income taxes When An amount on the P & I statement that estimates a company's total income tax liability for the year crossword
  • Definition Participants Plan Determines Employees or other beneficiaries who are eligible to receive benefits from a company's employee benefit plan examples
  • Definition Market Capital Perfect Comparing to A market in which there are never any arbitrage opportunities encyclopedia
  • Definition Financing Permanent Depends on Long-term financing using either debt or equity information about
  • Definition Bond Performance Which A surety bond between two parties, insuring one party against loss if the terms of a contract are not fulfilled tutorial
  • Definition Book The Pass Difference responsibility for a brokerage firm's trading account from one office to another around the world in order to benefit from trading 24 error
  • Definition Back Plow When To reinvest earnings in a business rather than pay out them out as dividends. Common practice in high-growth companies answer
  • Definition Peak Pros and cons The high point at the end of an economic expansion until the start of a contraction means what
  • Definition Portfolio Passive Similarities A market index portfolio description
  • Definition Netting Payments How much affiliates to only a netted amount. Netting can occur on a bilateral basis (between pairs of affiliates), or on a multi-lateral basis definition
  • Definition Payables How many Related: Accounts payable explain
  • Definition Float Payment Compare Company-written checks that have not yet cleared what is
  • Definition Capital In Paid Why exchange for stock, but not stock from capital generated from earnings or donated. This account includes capital stock and contributions of meaning
  • Definition Sponsors Plan How better plans, including private business entities acting for their employees; state and local entities operating on behalf of their employees abbreviation
  • Definition Prospectus Preliminary When An initial or tentative version of a prospectus how to
  • Definition Letter Guarantee Put Determines the person writing a put option has sufficient funds in an account to cover the exercise price if required help
  • Definition Passive Comparing to Income or loss from business activities in which a person does not materially participate, such as a limited partnership crossword
  • Definition Lien First Perfected Depends on duly recorded with the relevant government body so that the lender will be able to act on it should the borrower default examples
  • Definition Parity Call Put Which pricing principle that says, given a stock's price, a put and call of the same class must have a static price relationship because encyclopedia
  • Definition Perpetuity Difference A constant stream of identical cash flows without end, such as a British consol information about
  • Definition Fund Purchase When Resembles a sinking fund, except that money is used to purchase bonds only if they are selling below their par value tutorial
  • Definition Date Payment Pros and cons The date on which shareholders of record will be sent a check for the declared dividend error
  • Definition Sponsors Pension Similarities Organizations that have established a pension plan answer
  • Definition Stock Preferred How much corporation and gives the holder a claim, prior to the claim of common stockholders, on earnings and also generally on assets in the event means what
  • Definition Ratio Stock Preferred How many Preferred stock at par value divided by total capitalization, which gives the portion of capitalization that consists of preferred stock description
  • Definition Present value of growth opportunities Compare Net present value (NPV) of investments the firm is expected to make in the future definition
  • Definition Risk Political Why expropriation of assets, changes in tax policy, restrictions on the exchange of foreign currency, or other changes in the business climate explain
  • Definition Committee Pit How better A committee of the exchange that determines the daily settlement price of futures contracts what is
  • Definition Print When Used in the context of general equities. As a verb execute a trade, evidenced by its printing on the ticker tape. As a noun, a trade meaning
  • Definition Attorney Of Power Determines person to perform certain acts on behalf of another, such as moving of assets between accounts or trading for a person's benefit abbreviation
  • Definition Perfect market view (of dividend policy) Comparing to Analysis of a decision on dividend policy, in a perfect capital market environment, that shows the irrelevance of dividend policy how to
  • Definition P Depends on Fifth letter of Nasdaq stock symbol specifying issue is the company's first class of preferred shares help
  • Definition Precompute Which the annual interest is either deducted from the face amount of the loan when the funds are distributed or is added to the total amount and crossword
  • Definition Bond Purpose Private Difference A municipal bond allowing more than 10% of the proceeds go to private activities examples
  • Definition Variance Portfolio When Weighted sum of the covariance and variances of the assets in a portfolio encyclopedia
  • Definition Order Purchase Pros and cons A written order to buy specified goods at a stipulated price information about
  • Definition Allocation Asset Policy Similarities assess an appropriate long-term normal mix of assets that represents an ideal blend of controlled risk and enhanced return tutorial
  • Definition Bourse Paris How much National stock market of France error
  • Definition Loss Gain Paper How many Unrealized capital gain (loss) on securities held in a portfolio based on a comparison of current market price to original cost answer
  • Definition L P Compare Profit and loss statement for a trader means what
  • Definition Right Preemptive Why Common stockholders' right to anything of value distributed by the company description
  • Definition Prime How better and maximum equity, a certificate that entitles the owner to the dividend/income from an underlying security, but not to the capital definition
  • Definition Preferred equity redemption stock (PERC) When Preferred stock that converts automatically into equity at a stated date. A limit is placed on the value of the shares the investor receives explain
  • Definition Philadelphia Stock Exchange (PHLX) Determines A securities exchange trading American and European foreign currency options on spot exchange rates what is
  • Definition Parallel shift in the yield curve Comparing to the change in the interest rate on all maturities is the same number of basis points. In other words, if the three month T-bill increases meaning
  • Definition Analysis Attribution Performance Depends on 039;s performance results to explain the reasons why those results were achieved. This analysis seeks to answer questions such as: (1) What abbreviation
  • Definition Passive Income Generator (PIG) Which An investment that favors passive income, such as an income-oriented real estate limited partnership how to
  • Definition Representation Proportional Difference allows minority shareholders and groups of small shareholders to have a better chance of getting representation on a board of directors help
  • Definition Bond Perpetual When Nonredeemable bond with no maturity date that pays regular interest rates indefinitely crossword
  • Definition Self Position Pros and cons Used in the context of general equities. Going long or short in anticipation of a stock's movement examples
  • Definition Method Balance Previous Similarities Method of calculating finance charges based on the account balance at the end of the previous month encyclopedia
  • Definition Plus How much in government bonds normally give price quotes in 32nds. To quote a bid or offer in 64ths, they use pluses; a dealer who bids 4+ is information about
  • Definition Sale And Purchase How many which a firm purchases securities from the issuer for its own account at a stated price and then resells them, as contrasted with a best tutorial
  • Definition Pattern Compare A technical chart formation used to make market predictions by following the price movements of securities error
  • Definition Partnership Limited Public Why number of partners that is registered with the SEC and is available for public trading by broker/dealers answer
  • Definition Index Weighted Price How better An index giving a greater influence to higher-valued stocks by weighting all component stocks by their price means what
  • Definition Dealer Primary When Usually refers to the select list of securities firms that are authorized to deal in new issues of government bonds description
  • Definition Pro forma financial statements Determines A firm's financial statements as adjusted to reflect a projected or planned transaction. What-if" analysis definition
  • Definition Protective put buying strategy Comparing to A strategy that involves buying a put option on the underlying security that is held in a portfolio. Related: Hedge option strategies explain
  • Definition Registration Piggyback Depends on existing holdings of shares in a corporation to be sold in combination with an offering of new public shares what is
  • Definition Price value of a basis point (PVBP) Which point; a measure of the change in the price of a bond if the required yield changes by one basis point meaning
  • Definition Horizon Planning Difference The length of time a model or investor or plan projects into the future abbreviation
  • Definition Factor Value Present When the present value of an amount to be received in a future period. If the opportunity cost of funds is 10% over next year, the factor is how to
  • Definition Risk Price Pros and cons or a portfolio) will decline in the future. Or, a type of mortgage pipeline risk created in the production segment when loan terms are set help
  • Definition Probability Similarities The relative likelihood of a particular outcome among all possible outcomes crossword
  • Definition Takers Price How much Individuals who respond to rates and prices by acting as though prices have no influence on them examples
  • Definition Margin Profit How many of earnings available to stockholders to net sales. Determined by dividing net income by revenue for the same 12-month period. Result is encyclopedia
  • Definition Carry Positive Compare Related: Net financing cost information about
  • Definition Paper Prime Why The highest-quality, investment-grade debt of corporations as decided by rating agencies such as Moody's tutorial
  • Definition Exchange Stock Philippine How better Stock exchange based in the Philippines, which operates two trading floors, at Manila and Makati error
  • Definition Mortgage Package When A mortgage on a house and property in the house answer
  • Definition Payer Determines The person making a payment to a payee means what
  • Definition Up Paid Comparing to When all payments that are due have been made description
  • Definition Paper Depends on Money market instruments, commercial paper, and other definition
  • Definition Statement Purpose Which describes the use of a loan backed by securities, and guarantees that the funds lent will not be used illegally to buy securities against explain
  • Definition Motive Precautionary Difference A desire to hold cash in order to be able to deal effectively with unexpected events that require cash outlay what is
  • Definition Position When contracts bought or sold for which no offsetting transaction has been entered into. The buyer of a commodity is said to have a long meaning
  • Definition Corporation Possessions Pros and cons the U.S. tax code whose branch operation in a U.S. possession can obtain tax benefits as though it were operating as a foreign subsidiary abbreviation
  • Definition Value Parity Similarities Related: Conversion value how to
  • Definition Bond Passive How much A bond without any interest yield help
  • Definition Put How many An option granting the right to sell the underlying futures contract. Opposite of a call crossword
  • Definition Ratio Earnings Price Compare a stock sells. Determined by dividing current stock price by current earnings per share (adjusted for stock splits). Earnings per share examples
  • Definition Pro forma capital structure analysis Why alternative possible capital structure choices on a firm's credit statistics and reported financial results, especially to determine encyclopedia
  • Definition Center Profit How better A division of an organization held responsible for producing its own profits information about
  • Definition Review Progress When A periodic review of a capital investment project to evaluate its continued economic viability tutorial
  • Definition Proprietorship Determines owned and operated by only one person who has complete liability for all assets, and complete rights to all profits error
  • Definition Seller Buyer Participating Comparing to Customer willing to buy/sell in line with market. (2) Buyer/seller who goes along with another buyer/seller in a percentage order answer
  • Definition Pool Depends on investment projects are financed out of a pool of bonds, preferred stock, and common stock, and a weighted-average cost of capital must be means what
  • Definition Trading Proprietary Which Principal trading in which firm seeks direct gain rather than commission dollars description
  • Definition Function Probability Difference A measure that assigns a likelihood of occurrence to each and every possible outcome definition
  • Definition Sheet Position When List of long and short positions for an individual trader or desk, at times accompanied by the trades from the previous trading session explain
  • Definition Audit Post Pros and cons A set of procedures for evaluating a capital budgeting decision after the fact what is
  • Definition Loan Purchase Similarities A consumer loan taken to finance a purchase meaning
  • Definition Pickup How much The gain in yield that occurs when a block of bonds is swapped for another block of higher-coupon bonds abbreviation
  • Definition Fund Index Pure How many A portfolio that is managed so as to perfectly replicate the performance of the market portfolio how to
  • Definition Reorganization For Plan Compare A plan for reorganizing a firm during the Chapter 11 bankruptcy process help
  • Definition Policyholder Why An individual who owns an insurance policy crossword
  • Definition Portability How better The character of benefits that may be carried from a previous job to the next examples
  • Definition Diagram Payoff When In option pricing, a graph of the value of the option position at expiration as a function of the underlying asset price encyclopedia
  • Definition Payback Determines The length of time it takes to recover the initial cost of a project, without regard to the time value of money information about
  • Definition Curve Phillips Comparing to relationship between inflation and unemployment. It is conjectured that there is a simple trade-off between inflation and unemployment tutorial
  • Definition Exchange Stock Pacific Depends on Used for listed equity securities. Regional exchange located in Los Angeles and San Francisco; only U.S. exchange open between 4:00 and 4:30 error
  • Definition Perfectly competitive financial markets Which power to change the price of goods or services. Perfect capital markets are characterized by certain conditions: (1) Trading is costless answer
  • Definition Rule Man Prudent Difference A common law standard against which those investing the money of others (fiduciaries) are judged means what
  • Definition Productivity When The amount of output per unit of input, such as the quantity of a product produced per hour of capital employed description
  • Definition Trades Program Pros and cons trades in a large number of different stocks at as near the same time as possible. Also called basket trades. Related: Block trade definition
  • Definition Switching Phone Similarities same mutual fund family by telephone request. There may be a charge associated with these transfers. Phone switching is also possible explain
  • Definition Seller Buyer Profile How much stock who presents self as a buyer/seller to draw a call from a customer. That is the trader has nothing real, or natural what is
  • Definition Agent Paying How many An agent who makes principal and interest payments to bondholders on behalf of the issuer meaning
  • Definition Ratios Profitability Compare performing. Profit margins measure performance with relation to sales. Rate of return ratios measure performance relative to some measure abbreviation
  • Definition Pricey Why Term used for an unrealistically low bid price or unrealistically high offer price how to
  • Definition Option Postponement How better The option of deferring a project without eliminating the possibility of undertaking it help
  • Definition Management Investment Passive When Buying a well diversified portfolio to represent a broad-based market index without attempting to search out mispriced securities crossword
  • Definition Tax Property Determines A tax levied on real property based on its use and its assessed value examples
  • Definition Spread Perpendicular Comparing to Option strategy involving the purchase of options with similar expiration dates and different exercise prices encyclopedia
  • Definition Securities Loan Project Depends on Securities backed by a variety of FHA-insured loans-primarily multifamily apartment buildings, hospitals, and nursing homes information about
  • Definition Market Primary Which Where a newly issued security is first offered. All subsequent trading of this security occurs is done in the secondary market tutorial
  • Definition Benchmarks Trade Post Difference Prices after the decision to trade error
  • Definition Date Maturity Projected When With CMOs, the date at the end of the estimated cash flow window where final payment is made answer
  • Definition Reversion Pension Pros and cons Termination of an overfunded defined benefit pension plan and replacement of it with a life insurance company-sponsored fixed annuity plan means what
  • Definition Precautionary demand (for money) Similarities The need to meet unexpected or extraordinary contingencies with a buffer stock of cash description
  • Definition Bond Lien Prior How much A bond usually arising from reorganization with precedence over another bond of the same issuing company that is equally secured definition
  • Definition Effect E P How many That portfolios with low P/E stocks exhibit higher average risk-adjusted returns than those with high P/E stocks. Related: Value manager explain
  • Definition Loans Project Compare mortgages on multiple-family housing complexes, nursing homes, hospitals, and other special development what is
  • Definition Ratio Call Put Why traded to the volume of call options traded, which is used as an indicator of investor sentiment (bullish or bearish meaning
  • Definition Periodic purchase deferred contract How better for which fixed-amount premiums are paid either monthly or quarterly, and that does not begin paying out until a time elected by the abbreviation
  • Definition Strategy Man Pac When prospective acquiree retaliates against the acquirer's tender offer by launching its own tender offer for the other firm how to
  • Definition System Tax Progressive Determines A tax system providing that the average tax rate increases for some increases in income, but never decreases with an increase in income help
  • Definition Placement Comparing to A bank depositing Eurodollars with (selling Eurodollars to) another bank is often said to be making a placement crossword
  • Definition Pullback Depends on The downward reversal of a prolonged upward price trend examples
  • Definition R2 Portfolio Which Number between 0 and 1 that measures the strength of correlation of movement between the portfolio/stock and the index. Indeed, the R2 is encyclopedia
  • Definition Plan Sharing Profit Difference An incentive system providing that employees share in company profits through a cash fund or a deferred plan used to buy stock or bonds information about
  • Definition Rate Through Pass When The net interest rate passed through to investors after deducting servicing, management, and guarantee fees from the gross mortgage coupon tutorial
  • Definition Prospective Earnings Growth (PEG Ratio) Pros and cons sources such as Institutional Brokers' Estimate System (IBES), First Call, or Zach's. Growth is forecast of earnings minus error
  • Definition Parachute Pension Similarities the event of a hostile takeover attempt, any excess pension plan assets can be used to benefit pension plan participants. This prevents answer
  • Definition Par value of currency How much The official exchange rate between two countries' currencies means what
  • Definition Projected benefit obligation (PBO) How many liability at the calculation date assuming that the plan is ongoing and will not terminate in the foreseeable future. Related: Accumulated description
  • Definition Building Position Compare Buying shares to build up a long position or selling shares to create a short position in a particular security or group of securities definition
  • Definition Relationship Agent Principal Why Occurs when one person, an agent, acts on the behalf of another person, the principal explain
  • Definition Seller To Put How better Exercise a put option; require that the option writer to purchase the stock at the strike price what is
  • Definition Perfect market view (of capital structure) When Analysis of a firm's capital structure decision, which shows the irrelevance of capital structure in a perfect capital market meaning
  • Definition P2P Determines Business slang, usually used in reference to startups or internet startup, refers to path to profitability abbreviation
  • Definition Ratio Payout Comparing to paid out to the common stockholders as cash dividends. More specifically, the firm's cash dividend divided by the firm's earnings how to
  • Definition Pay-as-you-go basis Depends on A method of paying income tax in which the employer deducts a portion of an employee's monthly salary to remit to the IRS help
  • Definition Pulling in their horns Which stock or bond market has increased sharply or setting up hedging positions to guard against a negative turn of the market crossword
  • Definition Limits Position Difference position available in any one future or option contract for a given institution. For bona fide futures hedgers, there are no position examples
  • Definition Producer Price Index (PPI) When Index measuring changes in wholesale prices, published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics every month encyclopedia
  • Definition Investing Passive Pros and cons Putting money into a profitable business opportunity that is deemed passive by the IRS and thus benefits from tax deductions information about
  • Definition Interest Prepaid Similarities An asset account showing interest that has been paid in advance, which is expensed and charged to the borrower's P & L statement tutorial
  • Definition Penalty Prepayment How much A fee a borrower pays a lender when the borrower repays a loan before its scheduled time of maturity error
  • Definition Dividend Participating How many Dividend received from ownership of participating preferred stock answer
  • Definition Process Discovery Price Compare The process of determining the prices of assets in the marketplace through the interactions of buyers and sellers means what
  • Definition Point Why The smallest unit of price change quoted, or one one-hundredth of a percent. Related: Minimum price fluctuation and tick description
  • Definition Change Price How better Increase or decrease in the closing price of a security compared to the previous day's closing price definition
  • Definition Pssg When Financial ratio defined as stock price divided by sales over sales growth. Often used in the valuation of Internet stocks. Related: PREG explain
  • Definition Piggybacking Determines commodities in a personal account following a trade just made for a customer. The broker assumes that the customer is making the trade on what is
  • Definition Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 Comparing to holding company abuses by reorganizing the financial structures of holding companies in the gas and electric utility industries and meaning
  • Definition Stock Performance Depends on retains earnings for further growth and therefore pays no dividends, but that an investor feels has significant future potential abbreviation
  • Definition Penultimate profit prospect (PPP) Which highest-yielding stocks in the Dow Jones Industrial Average that is said (by authors O'Higgins and Downes) to be the Dow stock with how to
  • Definition Loan Purpose Difference A loan that is backed by securities and that is used to buy other securities under certain government regulations help
  • Definition Forecast Profit When A prediction of future profits of a company, which may affect investment decisions crossword
  • Definition Diversification Of Principle Pros and cons assets differently correlated with one another will have negligible unsystematic risk. In other words, unsystematic risks disappear in examples
  • Definition Bond Pickup Similarities that is close to the date at which it is callable, meaning that a fall in interest rates will most likely cause early redemption of the encyclopedia
  • Definition Hedge Perfect How much A situation in which the profit and loss from the underlying asset and the hedge position are equal information about
  • Definition Agreement Purchase How many Used in connection with project financing; an agreement to purchase a specific amount of project output per period tutorial
  • Definition Protectionism Compare Notion that governments should protect domestic industry from import competition by means of tariffs, quotas, and other trade barriers error
  • Definition Plan Pension Why A fund that is established for the payment of retirement benefits answer
  • Definition Private-label pass-throughs How better Related: Conventional pass-throughs means what
  • Definition Prepayments When Payments made in excess of scheduled mortgage principal repayments description
  • Definition Perls Determines Principal Exchange-Rated-Linked Securities definition
  • Definition Pairoff Comparing to A buyback to offset and effectively liquidate a prior sale of securities explain
  • Definition Prerefunding Depends on a lower interest rate in order to pay off the first bond at the first call date and to reduce overall borrowing costs what is
  • Definition Option Dependent Path Which An option whose value depends on the sequence of prices of the underlying asset rather than just the final price of the asset meaning
  • Definition Loan Parallel Difference different countries borrow each other's currency for a specific period of time, and repay the other's currency at an agreed abbreviation
  • Definition Planned capital expenditure program When Budgeted or projected outlays for major expenditures on permanent or fixed assets as outlined in the corporate financial plan how to
  • Definition Piece Pros and cons Increment of bonds that trade in portions of $1000 minimum. Not all bonds can be traded in pieces, and the increments can vary help
  • Definition Payee Similarities A person receiving payment through any form of money transfer method crossword
  • Definition Stockholder Principal How much the voting stock of a company. Such stockholders must report all trading in the stock to the SEC pursuant insider trading rules examples
  • Definition Partner How many Business associate who shares equity in a firm encyclopedia
  • Definition Premium Percentage Compare Applies mainly to convertible securities. Premium over parity of a convertible bond divided by parity information about
  • Definition Momentum Price Why Related: Relative strength tutorial
  • Definition Player How better Used in the context of general equities. Customer or trader who is actively involved in a particular stock or the market in general error
  • Definition Exemption Personal When Amount of money a taxpayer can exclude from personal income for each member of the household in calculation of a tax obligation answer
  • Definition Plan Stock Phantom Determines An incentive scheme that awards management bonuses based on increases in the market price of the company's stock means what
  • Definition Price-specie flow mechanism Comparing to gold standard allowing disturbances in the price level in one country to be wholly or partly offset by a countervailing flow of specie description
  • Definition Seller Tick Plus Depends on Used for listed equity securities. A short seller (referring to the regulation requiring a plus tick to short definition
  • Definition Measurement Performance Which Calculation of the return a money manager realizes over some time interval explain
  • Definition Power Purchasing Difference The amount of credit available for securities trading in a margin account, after taking margin requirements into consideration what is
  • Definition Program Financing Planned When Budgeted or projected ways need for reasons or to obtain short-term and long-term financing as outlined in the corporate financial plan meaning
  • Definition Pattern Payments Pros and cons receivables. The pattern might describe the probability that a 72-day-old account will still be unpaid when it is 73 days-old abbreviation
  • Definition Pipeline Similarities The underwriting process that must be completed with the SEC before a security can be offered for sale to the public how to
  • Definition Theory Habitat Preferred How much believes the term structure reflects the expectation of the future path of interest rates as well as risk premium. The theory rejects the help
  • Definition Option Put How many to sell (or put) a fixed number of shares at a fixed price within a given period. An investor, for example, might wish to have the right crossword
  • Definition Partial Compare Trade whose size is only part of the total customer indication/order, usually made to avoid a compromise in price and also to get some examples
  • Definition Pill Poison Why prospective acquiree's shareholders the right to buy shares of the firm or shares of anyone who acquires the firm at a deep discount encyclopedia
  • Definition Compression Price How better appreciation potential for a callable bond in a declining interest rate environment, based on the expectation that the bond will be information about
  • Definition Trading Program When programs, usually entered directly from the trader's computer in to the market's computer system and executed automatically tutorial
  • Definition Beta Portfolio Determines The beta of a portfolio is the weighted sum of the individual asset betas, According to the proportions of the investments in the error
  • Definition Debt Public Comparing to Issues of debt by governments to compensate for a lack of tax revenues answer
  • Definition Put-call parity relationship Depends on put and the price of a call on the same underlying security with the same expiration date, which prevents arbitrage opportunities. Holding means what
  • Definition Assets Traded Publicly Which Assets that can be traded in a public market, such as the stock market description
  • Definition Passive Activity Loss (PAL) Difference A loss incurred in participating in passive investing definition
  • Definition Spread Price When buying and selling two options on the same security with the same expiration month, but with different exercise prices explain
  • Definition Pass-through coupon rate Pros and cons pool of assets, which is less than the rate paid on the underlying loans by an amount equal to the servicing and guaranteeing fees what is
  • Definition Perquisites Similarities benefits, such as the use of a firm car or expense account for personal business, and indirect benefits, such as up-to-date office meaning
  • Definition Raid Premium How much of a company's stock to gain control by offering stockholders a premium over the market value for their shares abbreviation
  • Definition Portfolio internal rate of return How many determining the cash flows for all the bonds in the portfolio and then finding the interest rate that will make the present value of the how to
  • Definition Speed Prepayment Compare at which mortgagors pay off their loans ahead of schedule, critical in assessing the value of mortgage pass-through securities help
  • Definition Ratio Sales Price Why price by revenue per share (adjusted for stock splits). Revenue per share for the P/S ratio is determined by dividing revenue for past 12 crossword
  • Definition Pre-tax rate of return How better Gain on a security before taxes examples
  • Definition Contest Proxy When which a dissident group seeks, from the firm's other shareholders, the right to vote those shareholders' shares in favor of the encyclopedia
  • Definition Benchmarks Trade Pre Determines Prices occurring before or at the decision to trade information about
  • Definition Management Portfolio Comparing to Related: Investment management tutorial
  • Definition Positive covenant (of a bond) Depends on A bond covenant that specifies certain actions the firm must take. Also called an affirmative covenant error
  • Definition Security Primitive Which An instrument such as a stock or bond for which payments depend only on the financial status of the issuer answer
  • Definition Planned amortization class (PAC) Difference stable cash flows and the lowest prepayment risk of any class of CMO Because of a stable cash flow, it is considered the least risky CMO (2 means what
  • Definition Bond Put When either to exchange for par value at some date or to extend for a given number of years. If the price is above par, the put is a premium put description
  • Definition Bonds Loan Policyholder Pros and cons policyholders that are secured by the cash surrender value of the policies, and are offered by a broker/dealer as bonds definition
  • Definition Off Paired Similarities Matched buy and sell market orders, usually pertaining to the pre-opening market picture in a stock, or MOC orders (especially relating to explain
  • Definition Distribution Probability How much values a random variable can take and the probability associated with each. Also called a probability function what is
  • Definition Private Export Funding Corporation (PEFCO) How many for financing the export of big-ticket items by U.S. firms by purchasing at fixed interest rates the medium- to long-term debt obligations meaning
  • Definition Persistence Price Compare Related: Relative strength abbreviation
  • Definition Income Phantom Why Income from a limited partnership that creates taxability without generating cash flow how to
  • Definition Pill People How better A form of poison pill providing that the entire management threatens to resign in the event of a takeover help
  • Definition Principal Exchange-Rated-Linked Securities (PERLS) When and interest denominated in U.S. dollars, but with principal repayment depending on the exchange rate of the U.S. dollar against a foreign crossword
  • Definition Bond Prerefunded Determines Refunded bond examples
  • Definition Elasticities Price Comparing to divided by a percentage change in the price. Answers the question: How much will the demand for my product decrease if I raise prices by 10 encyclopedia
  • Definition Primary earnings per (common) share Depends on Earnings available for the payment of dividends to common stockholders divided by the number of common shares outstanding information about
  • Definition Dealer Paper Which A brokerage firm that buys and sells commercial paper to make a profit tutorial
  • Definition Trading Prearranged Difference Possibly fraudulent practice whereby commodities dealers carry out risk-free trades at predetermined prices to acquire tax advantages error
  • Definition Point and figure chart When account only whole integer changes in price, i.e., a 2-point change. Point and figure charting disregards the element of time and is used answer
  • Definition Interests Of Pooling Pros and cons acquisitions accomplished through the use of equity. The combined assets of the merged entity are consolidated using book value, as opposed means what
  • Definition Curve Yield Positive Similarities higher than short-term debt rates (because of the increased risk involved with long-term debt security description
  • Definition Risk Product How much occurs when a lender has an unusual loan in production or inventory but does not have a sale commitment at a prearranged price definition
  • Definition Policy Up Paid How many A life insurance policy in which all premiums that are due have been paid explain
  • Definition Participating life insurance policies Compare policyholders depending on the company's success as provided by few claims and profitable underwritings and investments what is
  • Definition Value Present Why equivalent in value to a payment, or to a stream of payments, to be received in the future. To determine the present value, each future meaning
  • Definition Warrants Perpetual How better Warrants that have no expiration date abbreviation
  • Definition Income Postponing When Purposely delaying receipt of income to a later year in order to reduce current tax liability how to
  • Definition Public Securities Administration (PSA) Determines The trade association for primary dealers in U.S. government securities, including MBSs help
  • Definition Put Poison Comparing to A covenant allowing the bondholder to demand repayment in the event of a hostile takeover crossword
  • Definition Coverage Dividend Preferred Depends on Net income after interest and taxes (before common stock dividends) divided by preferred stock dividends examples
  • Definition Pot Which is returned to the managing underwriter by the participating investment bankers for sale to institutional investors encyclopedia
  • Definition Pecking-order view (of capital structure) Difference transactions costs, especially those associated with the problem of adverse selection, create a dynamic environment in which firms have a information about
  • Definition Price Put When The price at which an asset will be sold if a put option is exercised. Also called the strike or exercise price of a put option tutorial
  • Definition Rate Periodic Pros and cons The monthly effective interest rate. For example, the periodic rate on a credit card with an 18% annual percentage rate is 1.5% per month error
  • Definition Fund Rate Prime Similarities A mutual fund that buys portions of corporate loans from banks and pays the interest to shareholders answer
  • Definition Order Presale How much An order to purchase part of a new municipal bond issue that is accepted by an underwriting syndicate before an official public offering means what
  • Definition Stock Penny How many Stock that typically sells for less than $1 a share, although it may rise to as much as $10/share after the initial public offering description
  • Definition Plug Compare A variable that handles financial slack in the financial plan definition
  • Definition Value Par Why Also called the maturity value or face value; the amount that an issuer agrees to pay at the maturity date explain
  • Definition Protect How better interest, buy or sell, will be attended to, given any change in the trading circumstances, as follows:At a price: If the stock trades at a what is
  • Definition PIK (Payment-in-kind) securities When Highly speculative bonds or preferred stock that pay interest or dividends through additional bonds or preferred stock meaning
  • Definition Profit Determines Revenue minus cost. The amount one makes on a transaction abbreviation
  • Definition Inventory Perpetual Comparing to Recordkeeping system in which book inventory is updated daily how to
  • Definition Privatization Depends on The transfer of government-owned or government-run companies to the private sector, usually by selling them help
  • Definition Admission Of Price Which Cost to become a player in a stock in an inordinately aggressive market (i.e., locking on one side, size or price concessions); trader crossword
  • Definition Financing Project Difference A form of asset-based financing in which a firm finances a discrete set of assets on a stand-alone basis examples
  • Definition Provision Put When Gives the holder of a floating-rate bond the right to redeem the note at par on the coupon payment date encyclopedia
  • Definition Statement Proxy Pros and cons shareholders with information necessary to vote in an informed manner on matters to be brought up at a stockholders' meeting. Includes information about
  • Definition Insurance Portfolio Similarities in the underlying stock to create a synthetic put option. The strategy's goal is to ensure that the value of the portfolio does not tutorial
  • Definition Participating convertible preferred stock How much into common stock at the option of the holder. In contrast, to the usual preferred stock, the value of the preferred stock is refunded to error
  • Definition Sale Proceeds How many OTC securities sale whose revenue is used to buy another security answer
  • Definition Po Only Principal Compare holder receives only principal cash flows on the underlying mortgage pool. All the principal distribution due from the underlying means what
  • Definition Inventory Property Why A list of personal property with corresponding values and initial costs often used to substantiate insurance claim and tax losses description
  • Definition Leadership Price How better A price charged by the dominant producer that becomes the price adopted by all the other producers definition
  • Definition Play Pure When A company involved in only one line of business explain
  • Definition Pie model of capital structure Determines firms, graphically depicted in slices of a pie that represent the value of the firm in the capital markets what is
  • Definition Ratio Book Price Comparing to the value of total assets less total liabilities (book value). Determined by dividing current stock price by common stockholder equity per meaning
  • Definition Projection Depends on forecast the future performance of a company, country, or other financial entity using historical and current information abbreviation
  • Definition Down Pay Which which the par value of the securities maturing exceeds that of those sold. In the context of general equities, paying a lower price in an how to
  • Definition Cycle Product Difference The time it takes to bring new and/or improved products to market help
  • Definition President When Highest-ranking officer in a corporation after the chief executive officer crossword
  • Definition Vanilla Plain Pros and cons simple derivative financial instrument, usually a swap or other derivative that is issued with standard features examples
  • Definition Rate Production Similarities The coupon rate at which a pass-through security guaranteed by Ginnie Mae is issued encyclopedia
  • Definition Parking How much Putting money into safe investments such as money market investments while deciding where to invest the money information about
  • Definition Index Profitability How many The present value of the future cash flows divided by the initial investment. Also called the benefit-cost ratio tutorial
  • Definition Personal tax view (of capital structure) Compare personal tax rates between income from debt and income from equity eliminates the disadvantage of the double taxation (corporate and error
  • Definition Post Why Particular place on the floor of an exchange where transactions in stocks listed on the exchange occur answer
  • Definition Pip How better Used for listed equity securities. Smallest unit of a currency (i.e., cents for U.S. dollars means what
  • Definition Debt Capita Per When The total bonded debt of a municipality divided by the population of the municipality description
  • Definition Covenant Protective Determines agreement that limits certain actions a company may take during the term of the loan to protect the lender's interests definition
  • Definition Puke Comparing to Slang for a trader selling a position, usually a losing position, as in, When in doubt, puke it out explain
  • Definition Pac Checks Preauthorized Depends on in advance, and written either by the payee or by the payee's bank and then deposited in the payee's bank account what is
  • Definition Trust Personal Which An interest in an asset held by a trustee for the benefit of another person meaning
  • Definition Preference Difference Selection of a dealer to handle a trade despite the dealer's market not being the best available. Often the preferenced dealer will abbreviation
  • Definition Amount Principal When The face amount of debt; the amount borrowed or lent. Often called principal how to
  • Definition Ruling Letter Private Pros and cons A ruling by the IRS in response to a request for interpretation of a tax law help
  • Definition Set Opportunity Portfolio Similarities The expected return/standard deviation pairs of all portfolios that can be constructed from a given set of assets crossword
  • Definition Efficiency Pricing How much market characteristic that prices at all times fully reflect all available information that is relevant to the valuation of securities examples
  • Definition I P How many Stands for principal and interest on bonds or mortgage-backed securities encyclopedia
  • Definition Costs Impact Price Compare Related: Market impact costs information about
  • Definition Financing Payment Production Why financing in which a specified percentage of revenue realized from the sale of the project's output is used to pay debt service tutorial
  • Definition Annuity Certain Period How better An annuity that provides guaranteed payments to an annuitant for a specified period of time error
  • Definition Rate Prime When to their best (prime) customers. More often than not, a bank's most creditworthy customers borrow at rates below the prime rate answer
  • Definition Transfers Unrequited Private Determines remittances to their country of origin as well as, e.g., gifts, dowries, inheritances, prizes, charitable contributions means what
  • Definition Distribution Primary Comparing to Sale of a new issue of stock or bonds, as distinguished from a secondary distribution description
  • Definition Purchasing power of the dollar Depends on The amount of goods and services that can be exchanged for a dollar as compared with amount of a previous time period definition
  • Definition Bankruptcy Prepackaged Which A bankruptcy in which a debtor and its creditors pre-negotiate a plan of reorganization and then file it along with the bankruptcy petition explain
  • Definition Feature Call Provisional Difference that allows the issuer to call the issue during the noncall period if the price of the stock reaches a certain level. In the case of what is
  • Definition Pre-tax earnings or profits When Net income before federal income taxes are subtracted meaning
  • Definition Bond Par Pros and cons A bond trading at its face value abbreviation
  • Definition Sheets Pink Similarities Daily publication of the national quotation bureau that reports the bid and ask prices of thousands of OTC stocks, as well as the market how to
  • Definition Drafts Through Payable How much to maintain control over payments made on behalf of the firm by personnel in noncentral locations. The payer's bank delivers the help
  • Definition Method Purchase How many market value for the consolidation of the two entities' net assets on the balance sheet. Generally, depreciation/amortization will crossword
  • Definition Note Promissory Compare Written pledge to pay examples
  • Definition Trader Position Why term approach in maintaining positions in the market and does not close out of these positions until close to the delivery date encyclopedia
  • Definition Loan Participation How better A large loan made by a group of lenders, that enables a borrower to obtain financing above the legal lending limit of an individual lender information about
  • Definition Preauthorized electronic debits (PAD) When the payer. The payer's bank sends payment to the payee's bank through the Automated Clearing House (ACH) system tutorial
  • Definition Issue Sold Pre Determines An issue that is sold out before the coupon announcement error
  • Definition Portfolio Comparing to A collection of investments, real and/or financial answer
  • Definition Floater Article Personal Depends on Insurance policy attachment designed to cover specified personal valuables means what
  • Definition Loan Policy Which interest rate from an insurance company to a policyholder that is secured by the cash surrender value of a life insurance policy description
  • Definition Link Project Difference An econometric model forecasting and describing the effects of changes in different economies on other economies definition
  • Definition Paris Interbank Offer Rate (PIBOR) When The deposit rate on interbank transactions in the Eurocurrency market quoted in Paris explain
  • Definition Payments Progress Pros and cons contractor, or subcontractor for work as it is completed as desired, in order to reduce working capital requirements what is
  • Definition Purchase Similarities Buy; be long; have an ownership position meaning
  • Definition Gap Price How much rockets or dives in a direction away from its last price range, such as a stock with a trading range of $10-$12 that closes at $12 and abbreviation
  • Definition Accounting Purchase How many treats the acquirer as having purchased the assets and assumed the liabilities of the acquiree, which are then written up or down to their how to
  • Definition Offering Primary Compare Direct/Sale of a firm's newly issued shares by the firm to investors help
  • Definition Shares Paired Why Stock of two companies under the same management that are sold as one unit with one certificate crossword
  • Definition Relationship Volume Price How better technical analysts that signals continuing rises or falls in security prices that are related to changes in volume traded examples
  • Definition Company Parent When A company that controls subsidiaries through its ownership of voting stock, as well as runs its own business encyclopedia
  • Definition Commitment Flow Production Determines An agreement by the loan purchaser to allow a monthly loan quota to be delivered in batches information about
  • Definition Out Priced Comparing to The market has already incorporated information, such as a low dividend, into the price of a stock tutorial
  • Definition Check Dated Post Depends on A check that becomes payable and negotiable on a future date specified error
  • Definition Competition Perfect Which An idealized market environment in which every market participant is too small to affect the market price by acting on its own answer
  • Definition Precedence Difference trades in an exchange. For example, the highest bid and lowest offer have highest precedence; the first bid or first offer at a price has means what
  • Definition Agreement Stock Preferred When A contract for preferred stock description
  • Definition Range Price Pros and cons The interval between the high and low prices over which a stock has traded over a particular period of time definition
  • Definition Parameter Similarities such as GDP growth, and coefficients which multiply these variables. The coefficients are often estimated from the data. The coefficients explain

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Parameter definition Price range explain Preferred stock agreement what is Precedence meaning Perfect competition abbreviation Post-dated check how to Priced.

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